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Jewellery Guide

Jewellery  is a form of personal ornament, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. With some exclusions, such as medical alert bracelets or military dog tags, jewellery normally differs from other items of personal ornaments in that it has no other purpose than to look appealing, but humans have been making and wearing it for a long time – with 100,000-year-old beads made from Nassarius shells thought to be the oldest known jewellery.

Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials, but gemstones, precious metals, beads and shells have been widely used. Depend on the culture and times jewellery may be appreciated as a status symbol, for its material propertiesor for meaningful symbols. Jewellery has been made to decorate nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings.

The word jewellery itself is gained from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French "jouel" and beyond that, to the Latin word "jocale", meaning plaything. In British English, the spelling can be written as jewelery or jewellery, while the spelling is jewelry in in U.S. English.Jewellery has been used for a number of reasons:Currency, wealth display, and storage Functional use (such as clasps, pins and buckles) .

Materials used in making Jewellery : Diamonds

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Diamonds were first mined in India. In 2005, Australia, Botswana, Russia and Canada ranked among the primary sources of gemstone diamond output. The British crown jewels contain the Cullinan Diamond, part of the big gem-quality rough diamond ever found (1905), at 3,106.75 carats.

Other gemstones

  • Amber :Amber, an ancient organic gemstone, is the comnination of tree resin that has hardened over time. The stone must be at least one million years old to be classified as amber, and some amber can be up to 120 million years old.
  • Amethys; :Amethyst has been the most prized gemstone in the quartz family. It is treasured for its purple hue, which can range in tone from light to dark.
  • Emerald : Emeralds is one of the three main precious gemstones (along with rubies and sapphires) and is known for their fine green to bluish green colour. Some historians report that the Egyptians mined emerald as early as 3500 BC.
  • Jade :Jade is associated with the colour green but can come in a number of other colours. Jade is closely rel to Asian culture, history, and tradition, and is sometimes referred to as the stone of heaven.
  • Jasper : Jasper is a gemstone  that comes in a variety of colours. Often, jasper will feature unique and interesting patterns within the coloured stone.
  • Quartz : Quartz is refered to a family of crystalline gemstones of various colours and sizes. Among the types of quartz are rose quartz (delicate pink colour), and smoky quartz (shades of translucent brown). A number of other gemstones, such as Amethyst and Citrine, are also part of the quartz family.
  • Ruby :Rubies are known for their intense red colour and are among the most highly valued precious gemstones. Rubies have been treasured for millennia. In Sanskrit, the word for ruby is ratnaraj, meaning king of precious stones.
  • Sapphire : The popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue colour .Various colours are also available. In the US, blue sapphire tends to be the most popular and most affordable of the three major precious gemstones (emerald, ruby, and sapphire).
  • Turquoise :Turquoise is rare and found in only a few places on earth, and the world’s largest turquoise producing region is the southwest United States. Turquoise is prized for its attractive colour, most often an intense medium blue or a greenish blue, and its ancient heritage. Turquoise is used in a great variety of jewellery styles.Some turquoise contains a matrix of dark brown markings, which provides an interesting contrast to the gemstone’s bright blue colour.